Friday, July 17, 2020

An Overview of Addiction and Treatment

An Overview of Addiction and Treatment More in Addiction Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Drug Use Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery For a long time, addiction meant an uncontrollable habit of using alcohol or other drugs. More recently, the concept of addiction has expanded to include behaviors, such as gambling, as well as substances, and even ordinary and necessary activities, such as exercise and eating. The key is that the person finds the behavior pleasurable in some way and engages excessively in the behavior as a way of coping with life. By the time a person is addicted, the behavior will be causing more problems in a persons life than it solves. What You Should Know About Addictions While addiction to substances has often appeared clear-cut, theres some controversy about which substances are truly addictive. Current guidelines through the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, or DSM 5, indicate that most psychoactive substances, including medications, have the potential to be addictive. What About Behavioral Addictions? There is still much debate about whether many “behavioral” addictions are “true” addictions. More research is needed to clarify this issue. Gambling addiction is a behavioral addiction that has been recognized for many years as an impulse control disorder. It is now categorized as Gambling Disorder in the DSM. Addictions take time to develop. It is unlikely that a person will become addicted after using a substance once, although it is possible to develop a mental health problem or to die of an overdose or another complication after one use of some substances. Although there are some schools of thought that preach the need for complete abstinence, many people are able to learn to control addictive behaviors, such as drinking, eating, shopping, and sex. Whether this is a good idea for you depends on many factors and is best decided in collaboration with your doctor or therapist. Substance use is not always an indication of addiction, although drug use carries numerous health and social risks as well as addiction. Parents shouldnt automatically assume their child has an addiction if they discover their child has used a drug. Can People Really Become Addicted to Everyday Activities? If You Can Be Addicted to Anything, What Makes It an Addiction? Symptoms of addiction can vary, but there are two aspects that all addictions have in common: The Addictive Behavior Is Maladaptive The be causes problems for the individual or those around them. So instead of helping the person cope with situations or overcome problems, it tends to undermine these abilities. For example, a gambler might wish he had more money, yet gambling is more likely to drain his financial resources. A heavy drinker might want to cheer herself up, yet alcohol use can lead to or intensify depression. A sex addict may crave intimacy, yet the focus on sexual acts may prevent real closeness from developing. The Behavior Is Persistent When someone is addicted, he will continue to engage in the addictive behavior, despite the trouble it causes him. So an occasional weekend of self-indulgence is not an addiction, although it may cause different kinds of problems. Addiction is characterized by frequent engagement in the behavior. The Alarming Signs and Symptoms of Addiction to Watch For But If You Still Enjoy It, It Can’t Be an Addiction, Right? Wrong. Because the media, in particular, have portrayed addicts as hopeless, unhappy people whose lives are falling apart, many people with addictions do not believe they are addicted as long as they are enjoying themselves and holding their lives together. Often people’s addictions become ingrained in their lifestyle, to the point where they never or rarely feel withdrawal symptoms. Or they may not recognize their withdrawal symptoms for what they are, putting them down to aging, working too hard, or just not liking mornings. People can go for years without realizing how dependent they are on their addiction. People with illicit addictions may enjoy the secretive nature of their behavior. They may blame society for its narrow-mindedness, choosing to see themselves as free-willed and independent individuals. In reality, addictions tend to limit people’s individuality and freedom as they become more restricted in their behaviors. Going to prison for engaging in an illegal addiction restricts their freedom even more. When people are addicted, their enjoyment often becomes focused on carrying out the addictive behavior and relieving withdrawal, rather than the full range of experiences which form the person’s full potential for happiness. At some point, the addicted person may realize that life has passed them by and that they have missed out on enjoying experiences other than the addiction. This awareness often occurs when people overcome addiction. Overcoming Addiction: How to Get It Under Control for Good What’s the Problem If It Isn’t Doing Any Harm? Addictions harm the person with the addiction and the people around them. The biggest problem is the addicted person’s failure to recognize the harm their addiction is doing. He may be in denial about the negative aspects of his addiction, choosing to ignore the effects on his health, life patterns and relationships. Or he may blame outside circumstances or other people in his lives for his difficulties. The harm caused by addiction is particularly difficult to recognize when addiction is the person’s main way of coping with other problems. Sometimes other problems are directly related to the addiction, such as health problems, and sometimes they are indirectly related to the addiction, for example, relationship problems. Some people who get addicted to substances or activities are very aware of their addictions, and even the harm caused by the addiction, but keep doing the addictive behavior anyway. This can be because they don’t feel they can cope without the addiction, because they are avoiding dealing with some other issue that the addiction distracts them from (such as being abused as a child), or because they do not know how to enjoy life any other way. Addiction Can Lead to Crisis The harm of addiction may only be recognized when the addicted person goes through a crisis. This can happen when the addictive substance or behavior is taken away completely and the person goes into withdrawal and cannot cope. Or it can occur as a consequence of the addiction, such as a serious illness, a partner leaving, or loss of a job. If You Think You Might Have an Addiction It is common, if not normal, to go through a stage of engaging in substance use or an addictive behavior without believing you are addicted. This is so common, in fact, that it has a name, the pre-contemplation stage. If you are starting to think you might have an addiction, you have probably moved into the contemplation stage. This is a great time to find out more about the substance or behavior that you have been engaging in and to reflect honestly on whether you are experiencing any signs or symptoms of addiction. These signs and symptoms vary from one addiction to another, but the most common indicators are that you are engaging in the behavior, or taking more of the substance than you originally intended; that you are preoccupied with the next time you can engage in the behavior or use the substance; and you are putting it ahead of other important parts of your life, such as family, work, and responsibilities. You might also find you are losing interest in other pleasurable activities, compared to the addictive behavior. Many people then decide to make changes. For some people, this is easy and manageable. For many others, quitting can lead to unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, even with behaviors, and can open up uncomfortable feelings that were being soothed or suppressed by the addictive behavior. If this happens, or if you have been drinking or using drugs, such as opioidsâ€"illicit or prescribed, other prescription medications, stimulants, cocaine, or methâ€"you should seek medical help immediately. Stopping some drugs then relapsing can heighten your risk of overdose, mental health problems, or other life-threatening medical complications, and should be done under medical supervision. Living With Addiction Some people dont want to change their addictive behavior, or try and try but never seem to be successful at quitting. These people often do better with a harm reduction goal or use self-help resources to manage their addiction. If this sounds like you, remember help is always available. Educating yourself is a good start. You can greatly reduce the amount of harm to yourself and those around you, and maybe one day, you will be ready to change for good. Next Steps to Consider Although it can seem scary, getting an assessment and diagnosis is a good step in terms of getting help. If this isnt for you, you can try self-help groups and connect with others dealing with the same problem. Finding out more about your addiction and what has helped others can also be a good step, and it doesnt require you to talk to anyone else. Find Support With the 9 Best Online Therapy Programs A Word From Verywell Many people fear the term addiction and believe it is an indication of failure or worthlessness. People with addictions often carry stigma about their behavior, leading to shame and fear of seeking help. The world is changing, and you may find that getting help for your addiction is the best thing you ever do for yourself. In the meantime, we hope that educating yourself will help on your journey to wellness. Quitting an Addiction and Overcoming Obstacles

Thursday, May 21, 2020

Andrew Jacksons Leadership in the Battle of New Orleans...

Shayne A. Charles History 485-01 â€Å"Andrew Jackson, The Battle of New Orleans† Andrew Jackson was born in rural South Carolina March 15, 1767, the son of impoverished Irish immigrants. He received no formal education as young child and became a messenger boy in the American Revolution at the age of 13. At the Age of 35, he was elected to the Tennessee Militia as a Major General.(LOC) The Battle of New Orleans took place on January 8, 1815 and was the final major battle of the War of 1812. In this decisive battle of the American Revolution, the American forces were led by Andrew Jackson. After this victory, Jackson emerged as a hero for his actions. Andrew Jackson was an aggressive leader, he knew his intentions, and†¦show more content†¦He not only gained support of everyone but, he also gained their confidence. Jackson gave the people of New Orleans his pledge that he was going to win over the British at their invasion or he was going to die trying. This was followed by the Grand Parade to review the militia and other forces which bro ught about much excitement. He knew that this would help his effort to win over the people of New Orleans because; they were able to relate to a parade, as it almost gave a sense of carnival. Although good for the people, Jackson did face opposition from the legislature, telling him to retreat. He did not do as the legislature wanted and gained even more support and confidence of the people. â€Å"The uniformed companies, the militia, the volunteers, and the marines, all clad in their best attire and ‘decorated with bouquets† provided by wives, sisters, and mothers. Formed under the walls of the ancient Spanish cathedral and ‘gave memorable brilliancy to the scene. The color, the pageantry, the music, and the excitement were everything Jackson could have wanted to inspire the watching crowd with their confidence that their city would be saved by these brave men ( Remini, 59)’†. Andrew Jackson’s effectiveness as a leader was second to none. He was able to give commands and have them followed precisely with no delay. There was no other commander who could commandShow MoreRelatedAndrew Jacksons Colorful Military Career1286 Words   |  5 PagesStates had a colorful military career before he became Commander in Chief. Andrew Jackson, born 1767 in South Carolina, was a prisoner of war during War of Independence; his treatment resulting in a lifelong dislike of Great Britain, (Andrew Jackson n.d.). After the British captured the belligerent Jackson, he was ordered to clean a British officers boots. When he refused, the officer drew his sword and slashed Jacksons hand to the bone, (Patrick, n.d.). This memorable treatment by the BritishRead MoreThe Great American Victory Described in Robert Reminis The Battle of New Orleans963 Words   |  4 PagesRobert Remini tells the readers in â€Å"The Battle of New Orleans† that he wishes to educate his a udience of the hard-hitting times our soldiers endured in this remarkable battle that made America the strong and independent country it is today. It is important to Remini to depict the heroic feats of Andrew Jackson â€Å"who became a symbol of what was best in American society† (Remini xi) because of his great leadership and determined heart. The Battle of New Orleans was a great victory for America, duringRead MoreAndrew Jackson: One of the Most Influential Presidents of All Time 1712 Words   |  7 PagesAndrew Jackson’s influence on the politics of his time was remarkable. He was the only president to have an era named after him. He also changed the way this country was run and expanded the country’s borders. He changed much, but the four most important aspects of this era, in chronological order, were his victory over the British, his defeat in the presidential race of 1824, his successful presidential campaign in 1828, and his decision to remove Native Americans to land west of the MississippiRead MoreAndrew Jackson : A Symbol Of The Age Essay1553 Words   |  7 Pagesto West. Andrew Jackson was the president in the early 1800’s that made a considerable amount of change. Theses changes and action that he was involved in changed America forever, in which gave him the respect from the people of A merica. He was a symbol for his age, becoming a true historical figure and a hero for the people. He defeated the British and expanded America to unifying and create nationalism for the common people of America. This essay will discuss the ways in which Andrew Jackson isRead MoreThe Legacy Of Andrew Jackson1090 Words   |  5 PagesAndrew Jackson America’s history is rich and full of countless heroes, scandals, and incredible stories. Perhaps one of the most interesting of those stories is that of Andrew Jackson’s. To some, he was a hero, but to others, he was their worst enemy. Being raised in the mountains of the Carolinas, he became the first â€Å"backcountry president† of the United States (Wilentz, 13). His fame, though, began years before his presidency. Jackson’s reputation was established during the War of 1812, namelyRead MoreNew Orleans : The Confederate Era Monuments1283 Words   |  6 PagesNew Orleans Monument Takedown The confederate era monuments in New Orleans have been a hot topic of debate. People on both sides feel passionately about whether these local historic landmarks should remain standing or be torn down because of the atrocities the men they honor committed well over one hundred years ago. Whether over racial or personal beliefs there are strong motives on either side. As of now the future of the cityscape lays in limbo. Will history prevail over emotion? In 2015 thereRead MoreWar : The War Of 18121543 Words   |  7 PagesIntro From being a well-known war hero in the War of 1812 to becoming the 7th president of the United States, Andrew Jackson lived a marvelous life. His past life may have affected him greatly, but it never stopped him from moving to one role to another. Furthermore, not only was he president, but he was also a major general in the army and has been very victorious and successful in leading his troops. Jackson had gone through great lengths to obtain his position and popularity as president. He wasRead MoreThe War Of 1812 By Andrew Jackson1681 Words   |  7 PagesFrom being a well-known war hero in the War of 1812 to becoming the 7th president of the United States, Andrew Jackson lived a marvelous life. His past life may have affected him greatly, but it never stopped him from moving to one role to another. In addition, Jackson had gone through great lengths to obtain his position and popularity as president. He was the first self-made man, who started from very low points in his life, who became president. Furthermore, he was well known for his casual temperRead MoreAndrew Jackson, The Man On The Twenty Dollar Bill908 Words   |  4 PagesAndrew Jackson, the man on the twenty dollar-bill, is a highly respected commander and an individual who should not be reckoned with. In Hickey’s Glorious Victory, he is regarded as the â€Å"People’s President† and is arguably one of the best leaders to have ruled this nation (Hickey, 48). Despite his success as president, he is tangled in many contradictions. For example, he is known to be racist to the Natives, but adopting a native orphan; he is also known as a slaveholder, but he also welcomed freeRead More Andrew Jackson Essay3457 Words   |  14 Pages Andrew Jackson Book Summary/Contents Andrew Jackson, in the authors words, was quot;mild, polite, polished, benevolent, and democratic.quot; It would not be in anyones favor to question the validity of the his words, but to understand them with unrestrained faith in those words will help to insure complete insight into the book. Moreover, this book stresses the immortal fact that Jacksons private life had as much irony and agony as his political/outside life did. With those factors understood

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Prejudice Essay Prejudice And Racism - 862 Words

Aldon Shelton Ms. Mosley English III Due October 19, 2017 Prejudice and Racism in America The difference between racism and being prejudice is nothing. They’re the exact same thing. Both affect different minorities in America based on stereotypes. Stereotypes aren’t the only thing. Not everyone gets to live the American Dream because of their race beliefs. People struggle feeding their families at the end of the day because they couldn’t get a better job because of their skin tone. Others can’t go to certain places without getting judged because they have hijabs on. People can be very prejudice against women, too. Women can’t live the American Dream to the fullest because men think they belong in a certain place. They shouldn’t do†¦show more content†¦Those small religions aren’t bothering anyone. They’re not causing any type of commotion. Why can’t the Muslims go to the airport with their hijabs on without being identified as a â€Å"terrorist† or a â€Å"bomb boy†? Same concept with the Monks. They get looked at like they are the stupid ones. What’s not taught in schools is that America is not even in the top 10 for the highest educated countries. All the other countries whose people we judge based on their appearance are doing way better than us. America doesn’t have any real guidelines. That’s why we are behind. The Muslims, monks, etc. All of them are more disciplined than us. They know their limits. They know how to treat the people in their country. They purposely ignore us because we’re ignorant fools in their eyes. Their living the Arabian Dream. Women don’t get hardly as many chances that men get. It’s utterly ridiculous. Just imagine how much better off America would have been if we had Hillary Clinton in office. Technically she would’ve been elected if the popular vote counted, but of course, America is going to be America. The only reason why that senseless futile prick o f a president won is because America counts the Electoral Vote. The upper echelon of America thought it would be absolutely mortifying if a women got in office. Guaranteed that if Hillary would’ve gotten elected, America would’ve been on its way out of debt, peace would’ve been made between our enemy countries, and so muchShow MoreRelatedEssay Racism and Prejudice1194 Words   |  5 Pages Racism and prejudice against African Americans in the United States can be found many years before the institution of slavery was legally defined in any state or federal law. Historical documents reveal that almost a half a century before slavery delineated by law, racism against colored people was apparent. Although some modern historians may argue that racism was a result of the clear-cut slavery codes, according to author Carl N. Degler, â€Å"if one examines the early history of slavery inRead MoreEssay on racism and prejudice1512 Words   |  7 Pages Racism a nd prejudice has been present in almost every civilization and society throughout history. Even though the world has progressed greatly in the last couple of decades, both socially and technologically, racism, hatred and prejudice still exists today, deeply embedded in old-fashioned, narrow-minded traditions and values. Racism is a case of ‘misplaced hate’ and ignorance, being not only discriminatory, but also seemingly foolish with disregard of all human commonsense. Why does racism stillRead More Prejudice and Racism in Canada Essay769 Words   |  4 PagesRacism is a Problem in Canada A few years ago in Smalltown, CA a burning cross was placed in the lawn of a visible minority family. Although the media seemed shocked at this explicit racial attack and portrayed the attackers as a group of abnormal, twisted deviants, I was not surprised. As an Asian student who is writing her Sociology honours thesis on visible minorities in Canada, I know on a personal and academic level that racism in Canada does exist. Although explicit racial incidents areRead MorePolice Prejudice and Racism Essay3516 Words   |  15 Pagesincreasingly intertwined with questions of race. A recent study by Mendelberg found significant priming effects of exposure to the 1988 Willie Horton advertisement used by the Bush campaign. Among participants exposed to the Horton advertisement, racial prejudice was a stronger predictor of support for particular social welfare and civil rights policies than among control participants who did not view the ad (Mendelberg, 1997). Race-based news coverage of c rime primed racial stereotypes. Of course (as theRead More Prejudice and Racism - No Racism in Heart of Darkness Essay1108 Words   |  5 PagesNo Racism in Heart of Darkness      Ã‚   Chinua Achebe challenges Joseph Conrads novella depicting the looting of Africa, Heart of Darkness (1902) in his essay An Image of Africa (1975). Achebes is an indignant yet solidly rooted argument that brings the perspective of a celebrated African writer who chips away at the almost universal acceptance of the work as classic, and proclaims that Conrad had written a bloody racist book (Achebe 319). In her introduction in the Signet 1997 editionRead MoreEssay about Prejudice, Racism and the Law in Canada2343 Words   |  10 PagesRacism and the Law in Canada      Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  In the 1900’s a prominent English scholar Gilbert Murray said: â€Å"There is in the world a hierarchy of races;[some] will direct and rule the others, and the lower work of the world will tend in the long run to be done by the lower breeds of men. This we of the ruling colour will no doubt accept as obvious.†(Walker; 1997) It was very true at the time; everywhere you looked you could see that white men assumed all roles of responsibility.   Canada has been fightingRead More Prejudice and Racism in Heart of Darkness? Essay872 Words   |  4 PagesHeart of Darkness: Racist or not?    Many critics, including Chinua Achebe in his essay An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrads Heart of Darkness, have made the claim that Joseph Conrads novel Heart of Darkness, despite the insights which it offers into the human condition, ought to be removed from the canon of Western literature. This claim is based on the supposition that the novel is racist, more so than other novels of its time. While it can be read in this way, it is possible to lookRead More Prejudice and Racism in Heart of Darkness Essay3434 Words   |  14 PagesRacism in Heart of Darkness  Ã‚  Ã‚     Ã‚  Ã‚   Heart of Darkness is a social commentary on imperialism, but the characters and symbols in the book have a meaning for both the psychological and cultural aspects of Marlow’s journey.   Within the framework of Marlow’s psychedelic experience is an exploration of the views the European man holds of the African man. 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Euthanasia Morally Right or Ethically Wrong Free Essays

string(100) " instead of having to endure a year of pain and suffering with his family watching him deteriorate\." Euthanasia has gained a bad reputation within the public eye due to negative media encircling assisted suicide; euthanasia has a purpose and a goal, it should be seen as humanely releasing the soul of a human being from an emptiness created occasionally by our merciless society. This paper will delineate whether Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide are morally right or ethically wrong. Euthanasia is often confused with and linked to assisted suicide, definitions of the two are vital. We will write a custom essay sample on Euthanasia: Morally Right or Ethically Wrong or any similar topic only for you Order Now Two viewpoints are located within the body of this paper. The first viewpoint will support euthanasia or the â€Å"right to ii,† the second viewpoint will support anti-euthanasia or the â€Å"right to live†. Each perspective shall attempt to clarify the legal, moral and ethical ramifications of euthanasia and assisted suicide as well as include a personal example of each to detail the ending results. The term euthanasia has many definitions. The Pro-Life Alliance defines euthanasia as ‘Any action or omission intended to end the life of a patient on the grounds that his or her life is not worth living. The Voluntary Euthanasia Society refers to the word’s Greek origins – ‘e’ and ‘thanks’-, which together mean ‘a good death. An updated and loosely modern definition is ‘A good death brought on by a doctor providing methods or an injection to bring a peaceful end to the ultimate process of passing on. There are three different sub-classifications of euthanasia passive euthanasia, physician-assisted suicide and active euthanasia although not all groups would acknowledge them as valid terms (BBC News, 1999). There are two main types of patients that euthanasia may aid specifically, (1 ) patients that are in a persistent vegetative state, that are awake but are not aware of one’s self or of their surroundings. Such patients eave no higher brain activity and are maintained by artificial life support: respirators, heart-lung machine, and intra-venous nutrition. These types of methods do nothing more than prolong the inevitable and sustain a person in a never-ending life that will never go anywhere beyond these machines. 2) Patients in which are bound by a terminal illness that causes them a lot of pain, psychological suffering and loss of their dignity. This patient may or may not be on life-support depending on the severity of their illness. However, there are many different types of Euthanasia that can be examined when it moms to helping someone rid him or herself of a life of unnecessary pain. Here are the different types and their definitions among society: Euthanasia generally refers to an easy or painless death, in other words merciful. Voluntary Euthanasia includes a request by the dying patient or that person’s legal representative, proving their approval to continue. Passive or Negative Euthanasia involves not doing something to prevent the patience requested death, which is, allowing someone to die. Assisted suicide, a distant cousin of euthanasia, is when a person wishes to commit suicide but feels unable to execute the act alone because of a physical disability or lack of knowledge on what would be the most effective means in doing so. An individual, who assists in an assisted suicide and helps the suicide victim in accomplishing their goal, may or may not be an accessory or be held responsible for the death, depending on local laws. Without a doubt, today’s dying methods has become fearsome. Physicians are now in possession of the technologies and the skills needed to avert natural death almost indefinitely. More often then not, the terminally ill suffer unnecessary pain and are kept alive without any ell hope or expectations of surviving, as families stand watch waiting for the inevitable while still holding hope at the same time. U. S. District Judge Barbara Rottenest wrote is no more profoundly personal decision, nor one which is closer to the heart of personal liberty, than the choice which a terminally ill person makes to end his or her own suffering Shilling, ’94). The pro-euthanasia or â€Å"right to die† movement has received extensive support with the passage of laws in 40 states by 1990; this has allowed competent patience the legal privilege of making a â€Å"living will. These living wills give doctors the authority to withhold life-support, should the patient request it if the individual becomes terminally ill. Having choices, including having the legal right for help to die is a pinnacle of hope within itself. This allows people to take control Of their lives and accomplish things on their terms; this is a very important part of being human and of living. The issue of euthanasia is, by its very nature, a very difficult and private choice. Therefore, euthanasia should remain exactly that, a choice and a private one at that. It is a choice that should not be legislated or restricted by opposing forces or opinions. Euthanasia is a matter that should stay between the patient, the family, the doctor and God. Life is a precious gift received from the Creator with gratefulness and appreciation; individuals should cherish, preserve, and enhance life in every way possible. However, when the possibility for a meaningful, joyful, desirable life has been thoroughly depleted and every effort has been made to avoid the inevitable, then the United States should make it legal for the merciful to show mercy to the dying ho request help and understanding to end their torment. My father on my husband’s side, who had cancer, received euthanasia 6 years ago. He had chemotherapy radiation; the side effects that he endured were loss of appetite, becoming lethargic, fatigue, loss of color in skin, fever, chills, weight loss, night sweats and extreme pain. They told him that it was not going into remission and that it had spread throughout his body. According to the doctors, my father in law had maybe a year at most and even then, he would have to be hospitalized due to the pain and having chemotherapy done. After achieving this information, my father opted for euthanasia instead of having to endure a year of pain and suffering with his family watching him deteriorate. You read "Euthanasia: Morally Right or Ethically Wrong" in category "Papers" So he said his goodbyes, took care of necessary business and arranged things financially for his family before the process was performed. He then had his wife and children in with him during the procedure as he received a huge dose of painkillers and then a drug, that I am not familiar with, that led him to his death painlessly. Having the opportunity to have this type of say and control over his death, think, made the process a little mother and easier to endure. He got to accomplish what many do not get the chance to accomplish, he was able to set his finances straight, make sure his loved ones were taken care of and say his goodbyes to the ones he loved. To me this was a huge relief in knowing that he was allowed to have this type of help and closure before he left this world. I also believe that this method not only helped my father in-law but it also helped his immediate and non immediate family except the inevitable and have time to process it, so as to handle the grieving process. To some, Euthanasia is nothing less than cold- blooded killing; others would consider it premeditated murder and consider those assisting in it an accessory to murder. In addition, they believe Euthanasia steals away the one thing that gives us a reason for existence, a life in which we choose to live. It also depreciates life, much like the enormous issue of abortion. People against Euthanasia, deem it as morally and ethically wrong and think the government should outlaw it in these United States. It is true that modern medicine has evolved excessively throughout the enervation, so much so that abolitionists’ believe that euthanasia in itself resets these medical advances back by years. Our Surgical Physicians alone are known as Administrators of Death; this is a side effect of the outcome of euthanasia. Some believe that euthanasia is unacceptable within our society because of a multitude of reasons. Many who are against euthanasia being legalized are apprehensive because they dread that if it is then there will be many who die for needless reasons and they believe that there will be a rampage of â€Å"mercy killings† going on as an excuse for murder. Others believe that it is and always will be an immoral thing to take one’s life from them when we were not the ones to give it to them. Also many medical physicians also oppose euthanasia because they say that in assisting one in suicide is violating our dignity and ‘litotes one’s will to survive. When it comes to doctors, there is also The Hippocratic Oath in which they need to take into consideration. The Oath of Hippocrates is believed to have originated in approximately the fifth century B. C. And, even then, it incorporated a specific ledge against physician-assisted suicide when it said, â€Å"l will give no deadly medicine to anyone, even if asked. † It is recommended that a person suffering from an incurable or terminal illness is not completely in command of their mental capabilities and thereby incapable of such an extraordinary decision. In addition, a degraded mental capacity within a patient rules out any realistic thinking concerning survivors. Euthanasia is a very contentious topic. People dispute whether a person who is terminally ill, or handicap, should have the right or not to ask their doctor, or relatives to die by euthanasia. People say that dying by euthanasia is to die with self-respect, instead of living an artificial life by prolonging death on respirators and other life support machines. My personal outlook on this matter is one of minority. I believe that if a person is diagnosed terminally ill, and finds that there is nothing anyone can do for them, then why they should have to suffer and endure days, weeks, months or maybe even years in pain and agony is beyond me. Not only do they suffer but their family suffers alongside them also. They watch as their condition gets worse and continues to deteriorate, ND then they have to live with the vision of a person lying there helpless, not able to feed themselves, get out of bed, or talk to them for the rest of their lives. When instead they could have lived remembering their loved one as they were before they were diagnosed as terminally ill and began to die slowly. Recently, my grandmother, who was suffering from Alchemist’s disease (AD), died in my Aunts guest bedroom where she had been staying and taken care of by my aunt and uncle for the last four years of her life. My grandmother lived in England, where she was born, raised and died, she did tot have the option of euthanasia nor did my aunt or uncle who struggled with her through the end. My aunt and uncle went through the pain emotionally before it ever affects my grandmother physically. They took care of a shell for four years that use to house their mother; we lost my grandmother in 2007 spiritually however her physical body was still active and with us but empty. My grandmother could not remember any of her children or her grandchildren, nor could she remember family and friends in general. She would fight my aunt and uncle all the time thinking that they had detained her because she had no idea who they were or where she was. She had caused harm to herself as well as family members that tried to help her or care for her. She eventually forgot how to do simple things that are second nature to us all, such as showering, brushing her teeth, combing her hair and dressing herself. She continued to deteriorate more and more over the years, to the point where she had forgotten how to do vital things such as walk, eat, drink, go to the bathroom and even communicate. She was not physically in pain until the point of forgetting the vital actions, then she began o dehydrate and starve, her body began to shut down due to this. She was then attached to a feeding tube and life support, as by that point she had also just stop breathing occasionally and needed help in doing so. She stayed on life support for 6 months, until the decision was made to take her off and then she lasted for a week as her body withered away due to lack of water and food. We were reassured that she died with no pain but the look on her face showed differently and I could only imagine what she might have gone through and what We could have possibly spared her had We had the option f euthanasia. With every example given of euthanasia, there are some people who agree, and some who are dead set against it. There are comprehensible and logical reasons why some people are against euthanasia. Most people want their loved ones with them until their day has actually come for them to die. It might give people an understanding that it is all right to kill oneself. While the patient is lying in bed, some clinic, or scientist, might find a cure for the very disease that said patient is dying from and be able to cure them. For medical reasons they may be able to find out more about a retain disease to be able to further the search for the cure while someone has it. As many times, as you consider the idea of euthanasia you will find just as many pros as cons. Maybe we have to Start thinking like the people in the hospital beds, who are unable to walk, talk, feed themselves, think for themselves, or even breathe for themselves. On the other hand, even from the perspective of the family members who have to watch their own flesh and blood suffer and dwindle into nothing right before their eyes? How to cite Euthanasia: Morally Right or Ethically Wrong, Papers

Saturday, April 25, 2020

Rousseau Ideas Essays - Deists, Hypochondriacs,

Rousseau Ideas Jean Jacques Rousseau was a very famous french philosopher. He wrote many popular stories and operas during his life. He was a very smart man who was born into a disturbed family. Jean Jacques Rousseau was born in Geneva on June 28th, in 1712. Rousseau's mother died while giving birth to him. His father was a very violent tempered man and he paid little attention to Jean's training. His father would eventually desert him. The fact that his father deserted him gave Jean a passion for reading. Rousseau developed a special fondness for Plutarch's Lives. In 1728, when he was 16, Jean was first apprenticed to a notary and then to a coppersmith. Rousseau couldn't stand the rigid discipline so he ran away. After a few days of wandering, he fell in with Roman Catholic priests at Consignon in Savoy, who turned him over to Madame de Warens at Annecy. She sent him to an educational institution at Turin. Rousseau was charged with theft and began to wander again. In 1730, he was at Chambery, he lived with Madame de Warens again. In her household he spent eight years diverting himself in the enjoyment of nature, the study of music, the reading of the English, German, and French philosophers and chemistry, pursuing the study of mathematics and Latin, and enjoying the playhouse and opera. Over the next few months, Jean spent his time at Venice as secretary of the French ambassador, Comte de Montaignu. Up to this time, when he was thirty-nine, his life could be described as subterranean. He then returned to Paris, where his opera Les Muses Galantes failed, copied music, and was secretary of Madame Dupin. It was here that he became a contributor to the Encyclopedie. His gifts of entertainment, reckless manner, and boundless vanity attracted attention. In 1752, his operetta Devin du village was met with great success. His second sensational writing assured him of fame. It was called Discours sur l'origine et les fondements de l'inegalite parmi les hommes. In 1754, he revisited Geneva where he received great acclamation, and called himself from then on a "citizen of Geneva". Two years later, he retired to a cottage in the woods of Montmorency, where in the quiet of nature he expected to spend his life. Unfortunately, domestic troubles, his violent passion for Countess d'Houdetot, and Ms morbid mistrust and nervous excitability, which lost him his friends, induced him to change his residence to a chateau in the park of the duke of Luxembourg, Montmorency. From 1758-1762 is when is famous works appeared. These works included Lettre a d'Alembert, Julie ou la nouvelle Heloise, Du Contrat social, and Emile ou de l'education. The last-named work was ordered to be burned by the French parliament and his arrest was ordered, but he fled to Neuchatel, then within the jurisdiction of Prussia. Here he wrote his Lettres ecrites de la Montagne, in which, with reference to the Geneva constitution, he advocated the freedom of religion against the Church and police. In September of 1765, he returned to the Isle St. Pierre in the Lake of Bienne. The government of Berne ordered him out of its territory, and he accepted the asylum offered to him by David Hume in England. In 1767, Rousseau fled to France because he was afraid of being prosecuted. In France he wandered about and depended on his friends until he was permitted to return to Paris in 1770. Here he finished the Confessions which he had begun in England, and produced many of his best stories. He also copied notes, and studied music and botany in Paris. His dread of secret enemies grew upon his imagination, until he was glad to accept an invitation to retire to Ermenonville in 1778. It was here in Ermenonville where Jean Jacques Rousseau at age 66, died. Rousseau reacted against the artificiality and corruption of the social customs and institutions of the time. He was a keen thinker, and was equipped with the weapons of the philosophical century and with an inspiring eloquence. To these qualities were added a pronounced egotism, self-seeking, and an arrogance that led to bitter antagonism against his revolutionary views and sensitive personality, the reaction against which resulted in a growing misanthropy. Error and prejudice in the name of philosophy, according to him, had stifled reason and nature, and culture, as he found it, had corrupted morals. In Emile, he presents the ideal citizen and the means of training the child for the State in accordance with nature, even to a

Wednesday, March 18, 2020

Free Essays on Genesis

Genesis Structure The first book of the Old Testament, and subsequently the Bible, is Genesis and appropriately starts with the sentence, â€Å"This is the.† This is part of the â€Å"Toledoth† formula. In Hebrew this phrase is â€Å"elleh tole dot† and it occurs eleven times in the Old Testament. This phrase also can be translated to mean: â€Å"these are the generations†, â€Å"this is the family history†, and â€Å"this is the account.† The â€Å"Toledoth† formula sets up an interesting structure for the book of Genesis. It gives the book a prologue and then subdivides the book into ten subsequent sections; Adam, Noah, Noah’s Sons, Shem, Terah, Ishmael, Isaac, Esau, and Jacob; ending at the deaths of the aforementioned men. The next approach to structure of Genesis is done in two parts the Medieval History, Creation through Tower of Babel, and the account of Abraham and his family for four generations. The chapters of Abraham and his generations are referred to as the Patriarchal Narratives. Both of these divisions begin with a creation by the word of God. Still another division can be made between the Patriarchal Narratives and the story of Joseph. This distinction is made because it tells how one man, Joseph, brought the whole of Abraham’s’ descendents to the land of Egypt. Genre The genre of Genesis is pretty straightforward. It comes across a historical record of the distant past. However, many traditional non-Christian scholars believe it to be fictional. It is interesting that the narrative of Genesis carries the reader in an easy to read order from the creation to the sojourn to Egypt. It is interesting to note that there are no dramatic genre shifts from Genesis through the rest of the Pentateuch. The style of the book leaves to no doubt as to the intent of the author to provide a detailed, historical account of the beginning of the world to the displacement of God’s chosen people to Egypt. Furthermore, ... Free Essays on Genesis Free Essays on Genesis Exegesis Genesis 3: 1-7 Exegesis-Genesis 3:1-7 Translation 1-The New International Version Rainbow Study Bible. The serpent’s deceit leads to the fall of Adam and Eve. 3. (1)Now the serpent was more crafty than any of the wild animals the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, â€Å"Did God really say, ‘You must not eat from any tree in the garden’?†(2)The woman said to the serpent, â€Å"We may eat fruit from the trees in the garden, (3)but God did say, ‘You must not eat fruit from the tree that is in the middle of the garden, and you must not touch it, or you will die.’† (4)†You will not surely die,† the serpent said to the woman, (5)†For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.† (6)When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband , who was with her, and he ate it. (7)Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they realized they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made coverings for themselves. Translation 2-New King James Version 3. (1)Now the serpent was more cunning than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, â€Å"Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?† (2)And the woman said to the serpent, â€Å"We may eat the fruit of the trees of the garden; (3)†but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you touch it, lest you die.’† (4)Then the serpent said to the woman, â€Å"You will not surely die. (5)†For God knows that in the day you eat of it you eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.† (6)So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, that it was pleasant to th e eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she... Free Essays on Genesis Genesis Structure The first book of the Old Testament, and subsequently the Bible, is Genesis and appropriately starts with the sentence, â€Å"This is the.† This is part of the â€Å"Toledoth† formula. In Hebrew this phrase is â€Å"elleh tole dot† and it occurs eleven times in the Old Testament. This phrase also can be translated to mean: â€Å"these are the generations†, â€Å"this is the family history†, and â€Å"this is the account.† The â€Å"Toledoth† formula sets up an interesting structure for the book of Genesis. It gives the book a prologue and then subdivides the book into ten subsequent sections; Adam, Noah, Noah’s Sons, Shem, Terah, Ishmael, Isaac, Esau, and Jacob; ending at the deaths of the aforementioned men. The next approach to structure of Genesis is done in two parts the Medieval History, Creation through Tower of Babel, and the account of Abraham and his family for four generations. The chapters of Abraham and his generations are referred to as the Patriarchal Narratives. Both of these divisions begin with a creation by the word of God. Still another division can be made between the Patriarchal Narratives and the story of Joseph. This distinction is made because it tells how one man, Joseph, brought the whole of Abraham’s’ descendents to the land of Egypt. Genre The genre of Genesis is pretty straightforward. It comes across a historical record of the distant past. However, many traditional non-Christian scholars believe it to be fictional. It is interesting that the narrative of Genesis carries the reader in an easy to read order from the creation to the sojourn to Egypt. It is interesting to note that there are no dramatic genre shifts from Genesis through the rest of the Pentateuch. The style of the book leaves to no doubt as to the intent of the author to provide a detailed, historical account of the beginning of the world to the displacement of God’s chosen people to Egypt. Furthermore, ...

Monday, March 2, 2020

A Guide to Hyphens and Dashes

A Guide to Hyphens and Dashes A Guide to Hyphens and Dashes A Guide to Hyphens and Dashes By Mark Nichol This post details the purposes of various horizontally aligned typographical symbols. Hyphen Hyphens perform various functions, including the following: They link standing compound words (mind-set, self-respect). They are used with some prefixes (anti-inflammatory). They represent expression in isolation of a prefix or a word element (pre-, -er). They link spelled out numerical terms representing different place values (twenty-four). They link words in phrasal adjectives preceding but not following a noun (â€Å"short-term investment,† â€Å"off-the-cuff remark†) and when combining similar-looking constructions that begin with comparative adverbs such as better, much, and well (â€Å"best-kept secret†) Some style guides (but not this site) recommend that phrasal adjectives be hyphenated regardless of their position, and a few such expressions (such as far-reaching) are always hyphenated regardless of position or style authority. Also, a letter space should never intervene when a hyphen connects two words or numbers, except when suspending the first use of a word common to two or more phrasal adjectives (â€Å"fifteen- and thirty-day increments†). Hyphens are often introduced when new compounds are created, including in technological vocabulary, but such terms usually become closed compounds (though there are exceptions, such as mind-set, mentioned above, and light-year). Some terms that include letters linked to nouns retain hyphenation (A-list, T-bone, X-axis). Omission of a hyphen in email is trending, but similar terms such as e-commerce resist this evolution. Em Dash The dash, technically known as an em dash (to distinguish it from the en dash, described below), is used to indicate parenthesis when more emphasis is intended than indicated by a comma or a pair of parentheses. One dash is employed to when the wording expresses an attempt to get attention (â€Å"Look- a squirrel!†) or to indicate a sudden break in syntax and the parenthesis ends a sentence (â€Å"What I meant to say is- hey, are you paying attention?†) Similarly, it can replace a colon (â€Å"You have three options- fight, flight, or surrender†). Two dashes are employed when the parenthesis occurs mid-sentence (â€Å"The original version of the document- the one I hold here- is worded differently†). The dash is also employed to set off the identification of the source of an epigraph (â€Å"‘The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.’ - Franklin D. Roosevelt†). Also, one or more dashes may indicate redaction of all or part of a word or name in order to avoid identification or euphemize profanity (â€Å"The target was identified as - - - †; â€Å"Ms. A- - is not unacquainted with scandal†; â€Å"Well, I’ll be d- - ed!†). Dashes are usually closed- that is, they are set with no preceding or following letter spaces- but some publishers prefer to format them open. Some, too, out of ignorance or apathy or for the sake of simplicity (as in the case of some newspapers), use a single or double hyphen in place of an em dash- or, because they prefer its size, employ an en dash. (This is a valid design decision, but use of a single or double hyphen appears amateurish and should be avoided.) En Dash The en dash, always so called to distinguish it from the default em dash, which is often referred to simply as a dash, has two functions: representing a range of numbers or a time span (â€Å"Read pages 15–37†; â€Å"John Smith [1936–2012] is not listed†; â€Å"These figures represent revenues during the first quarter [January–March]†) as a substitute for through serving as a substitute for a hyphen in a compound term (â€Å"Pre–Civil War conditions sometimes prevailed†; â€Å"The United States–Mexico border is nearly two thousand miles long.† (These distinctions are, again, sometimes ignored.) The en dash is employed for the latter use because â€Å"pre-Civil War conditions† implies â€Å"before the Civil† rather than â€Å"before the Civil War† and â€Å"the United States-Mexico border† appears to refer to a united border between States and Mexico rather than one between the United States and Mexico. Plus Sign A plus sign (+) is employed in mathematics and other disciplines to indicate addition or positive numbers, and in lay usage it may modify a letter grade or qualify a blood type. It is sometime used informally to indicate a value greater than the stated one, as in â€Å"I would say 50+ people attended.† (Formally, â€Å"I would say more than fifty people attended† is better, and a direct quote would be better represented as â€Å"I would say fifty-plus people attended.†) Minus Sign A minus sign (–) is a distinct symbol used in digital displays of mathematics and other disciplines to signal subtraction or negative numbers; like the plus sign, it may be used in designations of letter grades and blood types. However, a minus sign is often represented by a hyphen or an en dash in print or online. Multiplication Sign A multiplication sign (Ãâ€") is used almost exclusively in mathematics and in isolated functions in notations in biology and history. In lay usage, the letter x generally takes its place. Division Sign The division sign, officially called an obelus, was replaced by the dagger mark († ) as a reference sign and now pertains exclusively to division in mathematics. Equal Sign An equal sign (=) represents equivalence and is occasionally used in informal writing in place of equals. Tilde A tilde (~) usually functions to denote a variation in pronunciation of certain letters in various languages, but it also serves in informal writing to signal approximation, as in â€Å"We continued along for ~20 miles.† Underscore The underscore (_), employed on typewriters to create underlines, survives now mainly as a symbol in email addresses, URLs, and computer code. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Punctuation category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:"Because Of" and "Due To" Proved vs. ProvenWoof or Weft?